This week, I have been teaching my six-year-olds about numbers, shapes, and colors. It has been a lot of fun because I get to use classroom objects, flash cards, and other things to help my students learn about these things. While preparing for my class, I stumbled upon a great website with lots of (free) resources to use! The website, SparkleBox, has tons of printable flash cards, worksheets and games for teachers to use!
When I started teaching numbers, we spent one day on the numbers 1-10; we counted using our fingers, and said each number aloud. I also wrote each number on the whiteboard in both numeric form (1, 2, 3, …) , and written form (one, two, three, …). We would count up from one to ten, and from ten down to one. I would ask how many students there are on our class (there are five), and the would have to count out loud. I would also ask how many girls, and how many boys there are, too (there are two boys, three girls). They did very well.
The second day, I taught them the numbers 11-20. Now, this was a little challenging for them once they got past thirteen. Again, I wrote the numeric forms (11, 12, 13, …) and written forms (eleven, twelve, thirteen, …) on the board. We worked on phonics and practicing both consonant and vowel sounds (both concepts they have learned). I gave each of them a paper cup and filled it with some chocolate candy. Each student had to put the candy pieces into their cup, counting up to twenty. They really enjoyed that, and served to make a nice little snack for later.
Teaching shapes is just as fun, as there are many objects you can use as examples! I printed off some flash cards that had both the shape and another card with the name of the shape. We practiced saying each shape, and then finding objects in our classroom that had the shape I held up. After showing my students the shape card, followed by the name card, I would place them face down onto the table, and they had to flip them over and match the name to the shape. The students did well, although there were some troubling ones (such as kite-shape, pentagon, hexagon, cross-shape, and even octagon cards).
Tomorrow (Thursday) and Friday, I get to teach colors and mixing colors. I’m excited because one of the activities we get to do (hopefully), is mix food coloring in water. I’m excited to see the students’ faces when the red, blue, and yellow drops hit the water, and different colored drops mix to make green, orange, and purple. Colors, shapes and numbers are a great way to teach basic literacy, and speaking skills!