This is one of my graduate students:
It is important to remember that complete literacy and fluency in a student’s first language greatly impacts their literacy in additional languages, including English. This strengthens their brains and helps them become more accustomed to thinking about rules, syntax, grammar, etc. If a student loses their literacy in their first language then it is almost as if they are learning how to read and write for the first time and in a language of which they are not fluent. Most of our refugee students are not literate in their first language and many of our Spanish speakers are in the process or have already lost their literacy in Spanish.
ELL Social Studies Teacher
Paul Laurence Dunbar High School